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  n-dimensional optimal interpolation
  Copyright (C) 2005 Alexander Barth <abarth@marine.usf.edu>

  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
  modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
  as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
  of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  GNU General Public License for more details.

  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
  along with this program; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

  Author: Alexander Barth <abarth@marine.usf.edu>

#include <octave/oct.h>
#include "f77-fcn.h"

extern "C"
  F77_FUNC (optiminterpwrapper, OPTIMINTERPWRAPPER) 
     const int& n, const int& nf, const int& gn, const int& on, const int& nparam,  
     double* ox, double* of, double* ovar, double* param,
     const int& m, double* gx,  double* gf, double* gvar);

DEFUN_DLD (optiminterp, args, ,
"-*- texinfo -*-\n\
@deftypefn {Loadable Function} {[@var{fi},@var{vari}] =} optiminterp(@var{x},@var{f},@var{var},@var{len},@var{m},@var{xi}) \n\
Performs an @var{n}-dimensional optimal interpolation. \n\
Every elements in @var{f} corresponds to a data point (observation)\n\
at location the @var{x(:,1)}, @var{x(:,2)},... @var{x(:,n)} in a @var{n}-dimensional space with the error variance @var{var}\n\
Each element of the @var{n} by 1 vector @var{len} is the correlation length in the corresponding direction.\n\
@var{m} represents the number of influential points.\n\
@var{xi(:,1)}, @var{xi(:,2)} ... @var{xi(:,n)} are the coordinates of the points where the field is\n\
interpolated. @var{fi} is the interpolated field and @var{vari} is \n\
its error variance.\n\
The background field of the optimal interpolation is zero.\n\
For a different background field, the background field\n\
must be subtracted from the observation, the difference \n\
is mapped by OI onto the background grid and finally the\n\
background is added back to the interpolated field.\n\
The error variance of the background field is assumed to \n\
have a error variance of one. The error variances of the observations need to be scaled accordingly. \n\
@end deftypefn\n\
  octave_value_list retval;
  if (args.length() != 6) {
    print_usage ();
    return octave_value();

  Matrix ox = args(0).matrix_value();
  Matrix of = args(1).matrix_value();
  Matrix ovar = args(2).matrix_value();
  Matrix param = args(3).matrix_value();
  int m = (int)args(4).scalar_value();
  Matrix gx = args(5).matrix_value();

  // The Fortran routine expects the inverse of the correlation length
  param = 1/param;

   In Octave and Matlab convention (see gridatan), the positions of series 
   of points in n-D space is represented by an m-by-n matrix. However, it is more
   efficient to represent it as a n-ny-m matrix. The Fortran code uses
   the later convention. Therefore we need to transpose the following 

  of = of.transpose();
  gx = gx.transpose();
  ox = ox.transpose();
  //octave_stdout << "shape(of) " << of.rows() << "x" << of.cols() << std::endl;

  int n = gx.rows();
  int nf = of.rows();
  int gn = gx.cols();
  int on = ox.cols();
  int nparam = param.numel();
  Matrix gf = Matrix(nf,gn);
  Matrix gvar = Matrix(gn,1);

  octave_stdout << "nf " << nf << std::endl;
  octave_stdout << "n "  << n << std::endl;
  octave_stdout << "gn " << gn << std::endl;
  octave_stdout << "on " << on << std::endl;

  if (gx.rows() != ox.rows()) {
    error ("optiminterp: number of rows in gx and ox must be the same");
    return octave_value();

  if (ox.cols() != of.cols() || ox.cols() != ovar.numel()) {
    error ("optiminterp: number of columns in ox must be equal to the number of elements in of and ovar");
    return octave_value();

  if (m > on) {
    warning("optiminterp: Number of influential points is larger than number of data points. Limiting the number of influential points to the number of data points");
    m = on;

  F77_XFCN (optiminterpwrapper, OPTIMINTERPWRAPPER,
          ( n,nf,gn,on,nparam,ox.fortran_vec(),of.fortran_vec(),ovar.fortran_vec(),

  if (f77_exception_encountered) {
      error ("unrecoverable error in optiminterp");
      return retval;

  gf = gf.transpose();

  retval(0) = gf;
  retval(1) = gvar;

  return retval;

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